Want to learn more? Find interesting articles and research papers from the list below!

1. Carson P., Mumford C. 2002. Hazardous Chemicals Handbook. 2nd edition. ISBN 0 7506 4888 0.

2. Cunha I., Moreira S., M. Santos M. 2015. Review on hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) involved in marine spill incidents – An online database. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 285, 21 March 2015, Pages 509-516.

3. EMSA, 2007. Action Plan for Hazardous and Noxious Substances Pollution Preparedness and Response.

4. Guner-Ozbeck, M.D. 2008. The Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Sea. Hamburg Studies on Maritime Affairs, Volume 12. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg

5. Harold P.D., de Souza A.S., Louchart P., Russell D., Brunt H. 2014. Development of a risk-based prioritisation methodology to inform public health emergency planning and preparedness in case of accidental spill at sea of hazardous and noxious substances (HNS). Environment International, Volume 72, November 2014, Pages 157-163.

6. Häkkinen, J., Malk, V., Penttinen, O.P., Mäkelä, R., Posti, A. 2012. Environmental risk assessment of most transported chemicals in sea and on land. An analysis of southern Finland and the Baltic Sea. In: Töyli, J., Johansson, L., Lorentz, H., Ojala, L. and Laari, S. (Ed.), NOFOMA 2012 – Proceedings of the 24th annual Nordic logistics research network conference, 7–8 June 2012, Naantali, Finland.

7. Häkkinen J, Malk V, Posti A, Penttinen OP, Mäkelä R, Kiiski A. 2013. Environmental risk assessment of the most commonly transported chemicals – Case Finnish coastal areas. WMU Journal of Maritime Affairs. Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 147-160. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13437-013-0046-5

8. Häkkinen J., Posti A. 2013. Overview of Maritime Accidents Involving Chemicals worldwide and in the Baltic Sea. In Weintrit, A. & Neumann, T. (Eds.). Maritime Transport & Shipping – Marine Navigation and Safety at Sea Transportation. CRC Press, Taylor & Frances Group.

9. Häkkinen J.M., Posti A.I. 2014. Review of Maritime Accidents Involving Chemicals – Special Focus on the Baltic Sea. TransNav, the International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 295-306, 2014.

10. Häkkinen J., Posti A. 2015. Port accidents involving hazardous substances based on FACTS database analysis. Proceedings of the Thirty-eight AMOP Technical Seminar on Environmental Contamination and Response, Vancouver, Canada, Volume: pp. 372-384.

11. Luhtala H. 2010. Maritime transport of chemicals in the Baltic Sea. Turun yliopisto, Merenkulkualan koulutus- ja tutkimuskeskus, 48 s.

12. Mamaca, E., Girin, M. le Floch, S., le Zir R. 2009. Review of chemical spills at sea and lessons learnt. A Technical Appendix to the INTERSPILL 2009 Conference White Paper “Are HNS spills more dangerous than oil Spills?”.

13. Marchand, M. 2002. Chemical spills at sea. In M. Fingas (ed.), The handbook of hazardous materials spills technology. McGraw‐Hill, New York, 2002.

14. Mullai, A., Larsson, E., Norrman, A. 2009. A study of marine incident databases in the Baltic Sea region. TransNav, International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation 3(3): 321–326.

15. Neuparth T., Moreira S.M., Santos M.M., Reis-Henriques M.A. 2012. Review of oil and HNS accidental spills in Europe: Identifying major environmental monitoring gaps and drawing priorities. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 64, Issue 6, June 2012, Pages 1085-1095.

16. Posti, A., Häkkinen, J. 2012. Survey of transportation of liquid bulk chemicals in the Baltic Sea. Publications from the Centre for Maritime Studies University of Turku, A 60.

17. Posti, A., Häkkinen, J. 2012. Handlings of liquid bulk chemicals in the BSR – The Baltic painting. Baltic Transport Journal 3/2012. p. 18

18. Posti, A., Häkkinen, J., Mylläri, M. 2013. Dangerous diversity. Baltic Transport Journal 4/2013.

19. Purnell, K. 2009. Are HSN spills more dangerous than oil spills? A white paper for the Interspill Conference & the 4th IMO R&D Forum, Marseille, May 2009.

20. SINTEF 2011. Behaviour of oil and other hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) spilled in Arctic waters (BoHaSA).

21. Suominen, M., Suhonen, M. 2007. Dangerous goods related incidents and accidents in the Baltic Sea region, DaGoB publication series, vol. 7:2007.

22. U.S. Coast Guard. 1999. “Most Spills Near Gulf; Most Spillage Inland; Most Were Acid” Hazardous Substances Spill Report, Vol. 2, No. 8, April.